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World Cup 2019
Dates: 30-May-2019 to 14-Jul-2019
Location: SEVERAL | ENGLAND & WALES
The 2019 Cricket World Cup (officially ICC Cricket World Cup 2019) is the 12th edition of the Cricket World Cup, scheduled to be hosted by England and Wales, from 30 May to 14 July 2019.
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About the World Cup
The Cricket World Cup is the world championship in one-day cricket and the most important trophy in cricket today. In the traditional test cricket over several days there is no corresponding competition. Since 2007 there has also been a world championship tournament in the Twenty20 Cricket with the ICC T20 World Cup. The tournament has been played eleven times so far. The record winner is the Australian team, which has won the trophy five times so far.
The traditional form of cricket, the five-day test cricket, did not allow it to host a world championship. So it remained mainly the case that one national team visited the other on a tour and played several matches against them during this tour. It was not until the one-day format, developed in the 1960s and lasting just one day, that a compact form of tournament could be created. However, this format was still very young, as there had only been 18 meetings of international teams before the first World Cup.
The early years
The first three World Championships were christened after the sponsor Prudential World Cup. Each game consisted of one innings with 60 overs per team. The dominant team was the team from the West Indies, which managed to win two World Cups. The first World Cup was held in England in June 1975, with eight teams taking part. Two further teams were invited to the six test nations Australia, England, India, Pakistan, New Zealand and the West Indies: Sri Lanka, which only received test status in 1981, and an East African team made up of players from Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. In the final, which took place at Lord’s Cricket Ground, the West Indies team beat Australia with 17 runs. The tournament was seen as a success, giving the ODI format a further boost.
Four years later a qualification tournament was introduced, the ICC Trophy. The tournament saw Sri Lanka and Canada join the six test nations and Sri Lanka and Canada won the trophy. Once again in Lord’s, the captain of the West Indies, Clive Lloyd, received the trophy for the second time. He and his team had won the final against host England with 92 runs. From now on, the World Cup was established as a tournament that took place every four years.
In 1983 the World Cup took place in England for the third time in a row. Since Sri Lanka had become a test nation in the meantime, there was only one additional place left for a non-test nation, which Zimbabwe managed to secure in the 1982 ICC Trophy. The game itself underwent some changes, as a fielding circle was introduced, which required that at least four players from the non-beating team would always remain in it. In the final, there was a surprise 43 run win for the Indian team against the highly favoured West Indies team, who missed their third consecutive tournament victory.
A game in flux
The 1987 World Cup was the first not to be held in England, but in India and Pakistan. This required a reduction in the number of over innings per inning from 60 to 50, due to the shorter length of days on the Indian subcontinent compared to the English summer. In addition to the seven test nations, Zimbabwe was again able to assert itself in the ICC Trophy the year before. The two hosts won the preliminary groups, but were eliminated in the semi-finals. In the final Australia beat England with 7 runs in a close match and won their first World Cup.
In 1992, more than eight teams competed in the World Cup for the first time. The reason for the short-term expansion was the participation of South Africa, which was taken back into the ICC after the end of apartheid and was given back its test status shortly after the tournament. Zimbabwe had won the 1990 ICC Trophy for the third time in a row, also just a few months after the tournament, and became the ninth test nation to be promoted. There were numerous changes in the game. For example, the teams were allowed to run in coloured jerseys with the names of the players on their backs. Previously, as still today in the test cricket, white was compulsory. The colour of the ball was also changed from red to white, which was accompanied by the introduction of floodlight games. This possibility was also used extensively at the tournaments in Australia and New Zealand. In addition, the rules for the fielding circle were modified once again, which now required that a maximum of two field players be allowed to play outside the 30-yard circle for the pitch during the first 15 over. Sportlich was able to convince New Zealand in the preliminary round that it was against all teams outside the 30-yard circle.
The next World Cup was held in 1996 in Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka. The field was increased to 12 teams, so that there were three qualifiers from the ICC Trophy. These were the Netherlands, Kenya and the United Arab Emirates. The tournament was marked by scandals which mainly benefited the later tournament winner Sri Lanka. In the preliminary round, Australia and the West Indies refused to play their scheduled group matches in the Sri Lankan capital Colombo, as the civil war in Sri Lanka had intensified shortly before due to terrorist attacks. Both times the Sri Lankan team were awarded the victory, so they would have made it to the quarter-finals without a fight. After the victory there over England, the semi-final match against India in the Eden Gardens of Calcutta was abandoned and evaluated for Sri Lanka. Indian fans had started to riot after a break-in of their team, threw bottles on the pitch and set the seats on fire. In the other semi-final Australia won against the West Indies. In the final, Sri Lanka won with 7 wickets. The game was decisively shaped by Aravinda de Silva, who not only managed to score 3 Wickets as a bowler, but also to run 107 Runs not out as a batter.
The 1999 edition was held in England, with some matches awarded to Wales, Scotland, Ireland and the Netherlands. This time Kenya, Scotland and, for the first time, Bangladesh, which later became the test nation, won the qualifying round and the field was made up of 12 teams. The semi-final saw the rare situation of a draw when South Africa missed the target set by Australia by one run. Australia qualified for the final as they were better placed in the previous Super 6 round. In the final, the team beat Pakistan, who failed to repeat the good performance they had shown during the tournament in the final.
In 2003, the controversy grew again. Canada, Namibia and the Netherlands qualified for the ICC Trophy this time. Kenya had received ODI status after the 1996 World Cup, and was exempted from qualifying at this tournament. Bangladesh had also received test status in the meantime. The tournament took place in South Africa, but some matches were to be played in Kenya and Zimbabwe. However, England refused to play in Zimbabwe because of the political situation there, just as New Zealand refused to travel to Kenya. Security risks were cited and both times the hosts were awarded victory. England were the ones to pay for this decision, as they would have made it through the preliminary stages if they had won. Zimbabwe made it into Super 6, while Kenya even made it into the semi-finals, the first non-test nation to do so. There, however, they lost to India, who had to play the defending champions from Australia in the final. However, the game went clearly to the Australian team, who won 125 runs.
The 2007 World Cup was played in the British West Indies. The number of participants was increased again to 16 teams, so that five teams could qualify for the ICC Trophy 2005. These were Scotland, Ireland, Canada, Bermuda and the Netherlands, of which only Ireland made it into the main round, which was played as Super 8. The death of Pakistan coach Bob Woolmer, who was found shortly after the surprising defeat against Ireland, also caused a lot of excitement. It was suspected that he had been murdered, but natural causes later turned out to be the cause of his death. In the final, Australia celebrated their third consecutive World Cup victory. They won against Sri Lanka in a 53-run game, which was not played completely due to poor lighting conditions, according to the Duckworth-Lewis method.
Dominance at home world championships
The World Cup was held in India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh in 2011. Pakistan were originally supposed to be co-hosts of the tournament, but lost their host status after the attack on the Sri Lankan Cricket team at a test match in Lahore in March 2009. In addition to the ten test nations, four qualifiers from the tournament now known as the ICC Cricket World Cup Qualifier, held in 2009, also took part. Ireland, Canada, the Netherlands and Kenya, who had lost their permanent ODI status due to poor performances in the meantime, won the tournament. At the tournament itself, the three South Asian representatives India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, along with the team from New Zealand, qualified for the semi-finals. In the end, India won the final against Sri Lanka with a 6-week win over Wicket, who managed to knock out Australia, who had won the series in recent years, in the quarter-finals.
After the number of participants had declined for the first time at the World Cup 2011, the ICC decided to further reduce the number for the next matches. At the 2015 World Cup in Australia and New Zealand, only the ten full members of the ICC were to take part, before the 2019 edition was again to offer the opportunity to qualify for the second row of national teams. After being strongly criticised by the Associate Members of the ICC, the latter decided to hold the tournament with 14 teams. Subsequently, the qualification possibilities for the Associate Members were redefined. Two places were awarded for the two best teams of the one-day competition of the World Cricket League Championship 2011-2013, Ireland and the first qualified Afghanistan. Another two places went to Scotland and the United Arab Emirates at the ICC Cricket World Cup Qualifier 2014, held in New Zealand. In addition to the two hosts, South Africa and India reached the semi-finals. In the final, the two hosts faced each other and Australia won against New Zealand.
The 2019 Cricket World Cup will be held in England from 30 May to 14 July 2019. This time, the ICC has decided to reduce the number of teams to ten compared to the 2011 and 2015 editions. With the exception of England, the seven highest placed teams in the ICC World Ranking qualify automatically. Two other participants, the West Indies and Afghanistan, were determined in a qualifying tournament held in Zimbabwe from 4 to 25 March 2018. While this also allowed associate and affiliate members to participate, it also meant that, for the first time, two full members of the ICC did not participate in the World Cup, nor did any nonfull members.